How to calculate Blood Alcohol Content



Why choose wikiHow?
When you see the green expert checkmark on a wikiHow article, you know that the article has received careful review by a qualified expert. If you are on a medical article, that means that an actual doctor, nurse or other medical professional from our medical review board reviewed and approved it. Similarly, veterinarians review our pet articles, lawyers review our legal articles, and other experts review articles based on their specific areas of expertise.

How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula)

Two Parts:

Blood alcohol content (BAC) can be calculated with simple information such as a person’s weight, gender, and the amount of alcohol consumed in a given period. The most common formula for calculating BAC in this way is known as the Widmark formula. The amount of alcohol in a drink can vary widely; this article will use examples drawing upon the standard drink size in the United States.

Steps

Calculating BAC Using the Widmark Formula

  1. Find your formula.The simplified version of the Widmark formula is: BAC = [Alcohol consumed in grams / (Body weight in grams x r)] x 100. In this formula, “r” is the gender constant: r = 0.55 for females and 0.68 for males.
  2. Count the number of drinks.In order to calculate BAC using the Widmark formula, you will need to count how many drinks have been consumed in a given period. To be as precise as possible, the number of drinks counted should be based on a standard drink size and alcohol content, rather than the number of glasses, bottles, etc. consumed. This is because the volume and content of drinks vary widely. The standard drink size varies from country to country and from drink to drink. In the United States:
    • The standard drink size of an 80-proof version of a distilled spirit such as gin or whiskey is approximately 1.5 ounces.This is about forty percent alcohol.
    • The standard drink size of a beer with a five percent volume of alcohol is twelve ounces.
    • The standard drink size of a wine with a twelve percent volume of alcohol is five ounces.
    • In the United States, a standard drink contains approximately fourteen grams of alcohol.
  3. Find the alcohol dose.Once you have the number of standard drinks consumed, multiply that number by 14 to derive the alcohol dose in grams. This will give you the alcohol dose—the amount of alcohol consumed.
    • You can also find the alcohol dose using the formula: (Volume of drinks) x (AC of drinks) x 0.789 = grams of alcohol consumed
    • If your area has a different alcohol content in a standard drink, you will need to multiply the number of standard drinks consumed by that alcohol content in grams.
  4. Take your body weight in grams and multiply it by the gender constant.The gender constant is 0.55 for females and 0.68 for males.If you know your body weight in pounds but not in grams, use one of the following formulas:
    • Body weight in pounds / 0.0022046 = body weight in grams
    • Body weight in pounds x 454 = body weight in grams
    • A quick internet search will reveal numerous online calculators for converting pounds to grams.
  5. Divide the alcohol consumed in grams by (body weight in grams x gender constant.). This step will give you a raw number based on the alcohol content in your body.
  6. Multiply the raw number by 100.Taking the raw number in the step above and multiplying it by 100 will give you your BAC as a percentage.
  7. Account for elapsed time.If you have been drinking over a period of time, you will need to account for the elapsed time and the amount of alcohol that your body has already metabolized by the time you calculate your BAC. To do this, use the following formula:
    • BAC as a percentage – (elapsed time in hours x 0. 015)

Trying an Example of the Widmark Formula Calculation

  1. Understand the example.Imagine that a 120 pound woman consumed four 1.5 ounce drinks of an 80 proof liqueur over a five-hour period.
  2. Count the number of drinks.Four 1.5 ounce drinks of an 80 proof liqueur is equivalent to four standard drinks in the United States.
  3. Find the alcohol dose.Multiply the number of standard drinks in this example (4) by 14 (the number of grams of alcohol in a standard drink in the United States) to find the alcohol dose, 56 grams of alcohol.
  4. Multiply the body weight in grams and multiply it by the gender constant.120 pounds is equivalent to 54480 grams (120 pounds x 454 grams per pound). Multiplying this by the gender constant (in this example, 0.55) = 29964
  5. Divide the alcohol consumed in grams by (body weight in grams x gender constant.). In this example, this equals approximately 0.0018689093579 (56 / 29964). For a less exact calculation, you can round this number to 0.00186.
  6. Multiply the raw number by 100.In this example, this gives the number 0.186 (0.00186 x 100). This number reflects the approximate BAC as a percentage, before accounting for elapsed time.
  7. Account for elapsed time.In this example, you should first multiply the number of elapsed time in hours (5) by 0.015 = 0.075. Then, subtract this number from the approximate BAC as a percentage: 0.186 – 0.075 = 0.111. This means that the approximate BAC in this example at the end of the five hour period is 0.111.

Community Q&A

Search
  • Question
    If the blood alcohol content is .17, how long does it take to get to .08?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    About 6 hours if you are a moderate drinker. 0.17 -0.08 = BAC of 0.06 excess. 0.09/ 0.015 = 6 Hours to get to a "legal" level.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How long does .10 of alcohol last in the blood?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    10-24 hours, because the blood has to completely break down the alcohol before you secrete it.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • What's the volume of drinks? Is it in liters? Milliliters?
  • How do I calculate blood alcohol content?
Ask a Question
200 characters left
Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
  • Whether or not you have eaten food before drinking alcohol will affect your BAC.

Warnings

  • The Widmark formula is only a rough indicator of BAC.In most cases, the Widmark formula underestimates the actual BAC.
  • No formula for calculating BAC is as accurate as an actual measured test.
  • It is never okay to drive after drinking regardless of what you may calculate as your BAC using this formula.





Video: Blood Alcohol Content (4 of 4: Applying the formula to solve problems related to BAC)

How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula)
How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) images

2019 year
2019 year - How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) pictures

How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) forecast
How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) forecasting photo

How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) images
How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) foto

How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) new foto
How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) new images

pics How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula)
picture How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula)

Watch How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) video
Watch How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark Formula) video

Discussion on this topic: How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark , how-to-calculate-blood-alcohol-content-widmark/
Discussion on this topic: How to Calculate Blood Alcohol Content (Widmark , how-to-calculate-blood-alcohol-content-widmark/ , how-to-calculate-blood-alcohol-content-widmark/

Related News


How to Install a SIM Card in an Android
OPI Introduces Cartoon Couture
Carrabbas Italian Grill’s bread and dipping oil is elegant and tasty
How to Prune Rose of Sharon
Mysterious Mass Fainting Affects 40 High School Students
Taylor Swift Shows Some Serious Leg At The Academy Of Country Music Awards
7 Seductive, Aphrodisiac Cocktails to Mix up This Valentine’s Day
Celebrities join WomenBoycottTwitter protest
Red Carpet Undergarments
How to Install and Configure Linux Mint
How to Prevent Land Pollution
How to Read a Movie Script
Side Effects of Juicing, the Blueprint Cleanse, and Juice Fasts
Does Your Back Ache



Date: 19.12.2018, 04:59 / Views: 53443