How to Grow a Queen Palm
The Queen Palm, orSyagrus romanzoffianum, is a medium-sized palm that is native to Brazil. It is widely used for landscaping in the United States because it can withstand cooler temperatures than most palm trees, of up to 15 or 20 degrees. This palm can grow very well in many environments, but requires very specific watering and fertilization methods.
Planting a Queen Palm
Purchase queen palm seeds.Keep in mind that it takes these seeds two to three months to sprout. You can bypass this process by getting a seedling or small plant from a nursery.
Soak your queen palm seeds in water for one day to one week.Change the water each day.
Plant the seed in a pot with holes in the bottom.Plastic containers used for starts will allow for easy transplanting later on. Fill the container with soil and place the seed approximately 3/4 of an inch (2cm) or less below the surface.
Place the container in a sunny spot with 85 to 90-degree (29 to 32 Celsius) temperatures.Depending upon your weather, you can place it outside or in a greenhouse.
Water the soil one to two times per week for two to three months.When at least one leaf has appeared, you can transplant it. If you have a variable climate, you may want to wait until it is more established to plant it in the ground.
- If you have been germinating the seed in a low-sun area, you will need to move it into the sun and slowly increase the number of hours of sunlight. If not, it will burn in the sun.
Choose a sunny, well-drained area.Queen palms have shallow, grass-like root systems, so other features, such as concrete or structures can be placed fairly close to it. The queen palm also likes a small amount of shade.
Keep the soil moist, but not soaking wet, before you plant it.
Dig a hole that is about twice the size of the pot.It should be the depth of the top and no deeper.
Add a small amount water and a soil mix to the hole.Add sand or Canadian peat moss if the soil doesn’t drain well.
Turn the pot over gently while cradling the plant in your palm.Loosen the palm from the pot and then place the plant and the soil from the pot in the hole. Fill in the area around the plant with more soil mix.
Mulch the area around the tree with three inches (7.6cm) of organic mulch.
Brace the tree with a tree brace to keep it protected from the wind.
Watering a Queen Palm
Water the tree daily for the first week.Water every other day for the next week. Use a bubbler or soaker to ensure that the ground stays moist.
Taper off your watering in the next few months.You will generally want to water three times per week in the summer and twice per week in the winter. Due to its grass-like structure, it must be watered more than most trees.
Keep the temperature in mind when you decide how often to water.The following are good guidelines:
- With temperatures below 85 (29 Celsius) you can water one to two times per week.
- With 85 to 100 degrees (29 to 38 Celsius) you can water two to three times per week.
- With temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 Celsius), you should water four to five times per week.
Fertilizing a Queen Palm
Purchase high-quality palm fertilizer.Use a slow release blend that contains magnesium, iron, copper, manganese and nitrogen.
Fertilize with the palm blend twice per growing season.A healthy queen palm can grow up to six feet (1.8m) per year once established. It can grow to the height of 30 or 40 feet (9 to 12m).
Look for a frizzy top on your queen palm.This is an indication that your plant needs manganese. This is unlikely to be native to the soil, so you will need to add more manganese to the soil at the first sign of this condition.
QuestionWhat kind of soil mix is used around the queen palm?Top AnswererThe soil must be nourishing and porous. You can mix 1/3 dirt, 1/3 sand and 1/3 compost.Thanks!
QuestionCan I grow a broken piece of palm tree?Top AnswererNo, the queen palm tree only grows from seeds. The broken piece will have to be thrown away.Thanks!
QuestionWhat do I do with the palm seed when it falls on the ground, before I can plant it?Top AnswererThe seeds have to be planted in a warm and humid place. The recommended soil is a mix of sand and dirts. You have to transplant the sprouts in bigger pots during their growth. The plants shouldn't be planted in the ground before two years.Thanks!
Can I plant a queen palm in palm desert with temps over 100 degrees in summer?
Should I cut seed pods?
- Remove the fruit of the queen palm, called “dates,” when it falls to the ground. It can attract insects. It is an inedible fruit.
- Prune your queen palm only when a frond is yellow and dying. Use a saw and avoid pruning any healthy part of the plant.
- Remember to move soaking hoses out in a larger radius as the palm grows.
Video: Queen Palm Guide - Syagrus Romanzoffiana
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